It’s time for our second post on Scarborough’s Reading Rope and dyslexia! The second part of the reading rope is background knowledge. What is background knowledge? Background knowledge is what a reader already knows about a subject. Why is background knowledge important? Background knowledge can help a reader with dyslexia understand multiple meanings of words, as well as idioms. The more background knowledge a student with dyslexia has about a topic, the easier it is for them to fully comprehend what they read. Additionally, background knowledge can help a student with dyslexia make inferences from conversation and text. How do you build background knowledge? One good way to build background knowledge is to have a student sort items and words into broad categories.
We have an activity that you can use to help students with dyslexia build background knowledge! Here is a pdf of the activity.
Here is some additional information on the importance of background knowledge